“Climate Change Perception and Energy Preferences in Turkey Research” that conduct by İklim Haber (Climate news) and Konda Research, reveals the public opinion about the climate change and energy preferences. According to the face to face survey made with 2595 people across Turkey, there is a great deal of consensus (86%) about climate change is being experienced and three out of four people are concerned about the climate change. Turkey's preferences for energy are solar (70.5%) and wind (52.8%) energy.
Within the scope of the research, when the questions that previously asked by the European Social Study in 18 countries in 2017, “Are you concerned about the climate change? How worried are you?” were asked, 25% of the interviewees answered as “I am very worried” and 50% answered as“I am worried”. When compared Turkey with other European countries, it turns out that more people in Turkey say, “I am very concerned”.
8 out of 10 People say Climate Change Exists
While still there are discussions about if the climate change exists or not, in a society where there are divisions on many issues, regardless of political preferences, economic situations, and social positions “at least eight out of 10 people” say that the climate change is being experienced”. Within the survey the question “Do you think does the global warming exist?” was asked to the participants, 86.8% say yes while the 10% say no. 3.2% does not prefer to answer this question. It’s remarkable that there is a significant consensus in Turkey about the climate change.
Irregular Weather Events and Disasters Increased in Turkey
Scientific researches show that the climate change has been causing to increase extreme weather events and meteorological disasters, while in recent years, floods and similar disasters have increased in Turkey in terms of both impact and frequency. “Did irregular weather events such as floods, storms, extreme temperatures, and drought have increased or decreased in Turkey?“ question was asked within the survey, 76.3% of respondents answered as” increased”, while only 6.5% said “decreased.”
Turkey’s Choices are Solar and Wind Energy
Electricity production is the leading sector where fossil fuels that cause climate change are most commonly used. Power plants come to the fore as an important issue in Turkey in recent years. Within the framework of the study, the answers to the questions asked about these issues to find out the public opinion, reveal that Turkey's choices are clearly solar and wind energy.
In the answers of the question “Let's assume that a power plant will be built next to where you live, which two power plants would you prefer as the priority?”, solar energy takes place on the top with 70.5% while the wind energy ranks number two with 52.8%. When the same question is changed as "Which of the two power plants would you opposed?" nuclear energy takes the first place with 68.2% while the coal is the second one with 53.1%. Only 1.6% of the public opinion is opposed to the solar energy and 2.1% is opposed to the wind energy.
Governments Do Not Take an Action
Within the framework of the survey, another question, which is addressed under the European Social Study, “What do you think is the likelihood of a sufficient number of governments take action to reduce the climate change? was asked, the answers to the question reveal that people in Turkey think that the governments do not and will not make enough efforts for the global struggle against climate change. One fourth of the population is deemed to be unlikely that the governments take the necessary precautions to the climate change. Almost one of the two people does not believe that countries will act on this issue and will do what is needed to be done.
Based on this question, when a similar question is asked in the focus of the Turkish government, the results show that people believe that Turkey is not going to make enough efforts on Climate Change, regardless of their political party preferences, lifestyles, and economic situations. Almost one of the two people states that there is no possibility that Turkey will act on this issue, will do whatever it takes, or that there is a very low possibility.
Source (Turkish): İklim Haber, https://www.iklimhaber.org/iklimarastirmasi2018/