Gebze-Orhangazi-İzmir Motorway (including the İzmit Gulf Crossing and Access Roads) Project consists of the financing, design, construction, operation and maintenance and transfer of 433 km of new three-lane dual carriageway tolled Motorway.
It includes a crossing by a suspension bridge of the Izmit Gulf between Dil İskelesi in the north and the Hersek Peninsula in the South, the design and construction and transfer of 44 km of new Access Roads, the taking over and operation and maintenance and transfer of 27 km of existing highway and the design and construction of the widening and transfer of 3 km of existing Motorway and an interchange.
A comprehensive Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) Report was prepared by the Independent Consultant Company in accordance with International Finance Corporation (IFC), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the Equator Principles (EPs) requirements as a part of Financial Agreement.
ESIA is a study predicting and evaluating the impacts the Project might have on the physical, natural, cultural, social and socioeconomic environment during the design, construction and operation phases, and identifying measures that Borrower’s will need to take to avoid, reduce, remedy, offset or compensate for adverse impacts, and to provide benefits where possible. A Stakeholder Engagement Plan (SEP) was prepared as part of the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) Report. SEP describes the mechanisms by which people especially local communities and other stakeholders to be are informed about the Project and gives opportunities to provide comments and input to the Project development. ESIA summarized this mitigation in its Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) and suggested to develop a series of plans and procedures to set arrangements for implementation and monitoring these mitigations throughout the Project. As a part of the ESMP requirements, a route-wide Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) for the terrestrial and freshwater environmental has been also prepared in accordance with the findings of ecological studies for the Project. Animal Crossing Procedure has been also prepared to identify specific locations to maintain ecological connectivity to fragmentation within the areas specified in ESMP and provide suitable design for converting culverts and underpasses to be used by target species and a design for new animal crossings in accordance with Designing Road Crossings for Safe Wildlife Passage: Venture County Guidelines. In addition to BAP, several documents has been prepared such as Land Acquisition Compensation and Resettlement Plan (LACRP), Emergency Prevention and Response Plan (EPRP), Cultural Heritage Mitigation Strategy including A Change Finds Procedure (CFP), Human Resources and Labour Management Plan, Occupational Health and Safety Management Plan, Marine Environmental Design Management Plan (MEDMP), Marine Environmental Construction Management Plan (MECMP), Terrestrial Environmental Construction Management Plan (TECMP).
Environmental and social monitoring studies are periodically conducting for the Project and construction works are being evaluating in detail with respect to environmental impacts, permits and licenses, workers health and safety, archaeological sites, grievance mechanism and expropriation. During the monitoring period of the Project, implementations of the site specific mitigation along the motorway related to wetland, watercourses and sensitive areas are reviewing by the independent consultant company and Lenders.
The Phase I (Approximately 52 km / Gebze-İzmir) and Phase II-A (Approximately 25 km / Bursa-İzmir) section of the Project has been started to operate and construction works at Phase II-B (Approximately 327 km. / Bursa-İzmir) section of the Project are ongoing.