In 1000 years After Christ the world population was only 400 million. This number has reached 1 billion in 1804 and 3 billion in 1960. Today, more than 7.6 billion people live in the world.
In just half a century the world population has doubled, and this brought the growing challenges with it. World Population Day once again reminds us that our current population growth rate is unsustainable and emphasizes that things will get worse if a way out for existing social, environmental and logistical problems will not be found.
Population growth is increasing the need for natural resources.
Due to the population growth, resources are rapidly depleting, and along with the extinction of some species, depleting biodiversity and ecological equilibrium are seriously deteriorating. Although, global climate change is natural, it is well known that human activity is closely related. More people means more demand for oil, gas, coal and other fuels, and more carbon dioxide released to the atmosphere.
In addition, according to the researches for the balanced and sufficient nutrition, in the year 1950, population of the world had to have 2.3 decares of agricultural land. This value was reduced to 1.2 in 1998. This leads to a decrease in the amount of land and crop per person in rural areas, which in turn causes migration. On the other hand, cities are having problems such as the rise in unemployment, housing and energy need, and environmental pollution.
In this regard, although countries have their own population policies, the path to be followed in the global sense needs to be determined. Different economic, cultural, social values and attitudes of each country have a different impact on the population. Those who think that population growth is cultural and especially increases political power should know that the use of natural resources will increase at the same time and will not be enough for the growing population.
World population will decrease in 2075
The Optimum Population Trust (OPT) presents some figures set by the UN. Accordingly, if the world population continues to increase at its current pace, it will reach 134 trillion by the age of 2300. Against the magnitude of the pronounced figure, UN estimates that the world population will reach a balance of 10 billion in 2200.According to UN estimates, the world population will rise roughly 50% more than today and will decline in the age of 2075.
But unless the economic and developmental patterns are changed, if the population growth is seriously reduced, even if an extensive population planning is made, there will neither be any changes in the environment nor in the living conditions. To balance the inequalities in execution can only be possible by "fair distribution" which requires laying out the existing state of accumulation in the production, distribution and consumption on the most important and long-term sources. The real cure should be the provision of social justice, not the distribution of easy, temporary, and less effective birth control pills.
"Nüfus Artışı Bir Tehlikedir Fakat Bu Zenginlerin Aç Gözlülüğü Yanında Devede Kulaktır " George Monbiot, The Guardian (29 Ocak 2008)
Image source: http://www.vinylinfo.org/news/population-growth-sustainability-and-our-future
" Population Growth Is a Threat. But It Pales Against The Greed of The Rich" George Monbiot , The Guardian (29 January 2008)